There are many legends about coffee
The most famous tells about shepherd called Kaldi that bringing to graze the goats in Ethiopia, a day, he found a plant of coffee, began to eat the berries and chewed leaves.
During the night the goats instead of sleeping , started to wander with energy and vivacity never expressed before. So, shepherd identified the reason, he toasted the seeds of the plant eaten by his flock, ground them and after he obtained coffee.
The exciting capacity of the beverage were soon exploited in the religious context for the vigil night and the drink was greatly appreciated by the mystics Sufi in Yemen, already around 1450.
Another hypothesis about coffee birth in Italy sees the Romans as protagonists.
Not everyone knows that showcases containing berries and leaves of plants from which derives coffee and some amphoras with “garum” were found in the Roman Amphitheater in the ruins of Pompeii.
It is widely believed that, soldiers and roman gladiators used energizing berries before battles in addition to garum, liquid sauce of fish entrails, spices and salted fish which the ancient Romans added as a dressing to many first and second dishes.
Even Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, talks about garum as a saline substance obtained by maceration of the entrails of fish coming from Spain and Turkey and produced by a Tunisian society of Phoenician origin, which exported mainly to Italy.
Coffee would arrive to Pompeii from the port of Cetara.
But the first literary references on coffee are due to Homer that, in the Fourth Song of the Odyssey mentions a particular drink.
Coffee appears in Illiade and the Odissea. . Elena in fact, adds the bitter drink to the wine “to dry the tears of the guests” and the Great Homer defines it useful “against the sorrows, the bitterness and the memory of sorrows”.
The hypothesis of the greek origin of coffee were found in ancient Greece texts in which they talk about berries, very similar to those of coffee, found on the battlefield of the Trojan War.
How would have passed these berries from Troy to Pompeii and who could be the diffuser of the coffee in Italy?
It is well known that it was the practice of the Greek soldiers take exciting drinks before fights and it is assumed that Ulysses has assumed his companions to stay awake inside the Trojan horse during the night that preceded the town attack.
Despite the origins of coffee are much more ancient, even dating back to the historical period before Christ and that the first Italian city to have preserved traces of coffee is Pompeii. We can affirm certainty that the coffee in Italy has arrived for the first time in Venice in 1615.
We believe that the Father of coffee in Italy was Ulysses during his landing in Italy, In Cuma, after passing unharmed from the land of the Cyclops, that is Sicily.
Some stories tell of a miraculous beverage used by Ulysses to keep awake the companions and prepare them for attachment to the Cyclops Polyphemus. This drink was immediately seen by the indigenous people a divine beverage because it was able to give to those who assumed a superhuman charge.
Coffee would arrive to Pompeii with the submission by the Greek State of Cuma, one of the most ancient Greek colonies in Italy dating back to 730 B.C., which would have given way to the diffusion of this beverage considered divine throughout the peninsula.